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Title: Ulcerative colitis in a Southern European country: a national perspective
Authors: Portela, F
Magro, F
Lago, P
Cotter, J
Cremers, I
Deus, J
Vieira, A
Lopes, H
Caldeira, P
Barros, L
Reis, J
Carvalho, L
Gonçalves, R
Campos, MJ
Ministro, P
Duarte, MA
Amil, J
Rodrigues, S
Azevedo, L
Costa-Pereira, A
Keywords: Colite Ulcerosa
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2010;16(5):822-9.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The incidence, prevalence, and even the clinical behavior of ulcerative colitis (UC) are highly variable in different world regions. In previous studies, Portugal was reported as having a milder clinical behavior. The aim of this study was to apply the Montreal Classification in a large group of UC Portuguese patients in order to describe their clinical characteristics and evaluate variables potentially useful for outcome prediction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on data collected from a nationwide online registry was undertaken. RESULTS: In all, 2863 patients with UC were included. Twenty-one percent had ulcerative proctitis, 52% left-sided colitis, and 28% extensive colitis. Sixty percent of patients had taken steroids, 14% immunosuppressors, 1% biologicals, and 4.5% were submitted to surgery. Patients with extensive colitis had more severe activity, needing more steroids, immunosuppressors, and surgery. At the time of diagnosis 61% were less than 40 years old and 5% less than 16. Younger patients also had a more aggressive initial course. Thirty-eight percent of patients had only taken salicylates during the disease course and were characterized by a lower incidence of systemic symptoms at presentation (3.8% versus 8.8%, P < 0.001), fewer extraintestinal manifestations (7.7% versus 24.0%, P < 0.001), and a higher prevalence of proctitis (32.1% versus 10.0%). CONCLUSIONS: A more aggressive phenotype was found in extensive colitis and in the initial course of younger patients, with an increased need for steroids and immunosuppressors. In addition, a significant percentage of patients, particularly with proctitis, showed a milder clinical evolution and were maintained in remission only with salicylates.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:HB - GAS - Artigos

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