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Title: Degenerescência caseosa da calcificação do anel mitral: uma perspectiva multi-imagem
Other Titles: Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus: A multi-modality imaging perspective.
Author: Ribeiro, S
Salgado, A
Salomé, N
Bettencourt, N
Azevedo, P
Costeira, A
Correia, A
Keywords: Calcinose
Válvula Mitral
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Citation: Rev Port Cardiol. 2012 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Abstract: Mitral annulus calcification is a common echocardiographic finding, particularly in the elderly and in end-stage renal disease patients under chronic dialysis. Caseous calcification or liquefaction necrosis of mitral annulus calcification is a rare evolution of mitral annular calcification. Early recognition of this entity avoids an invasive diagnostic approach, since it is benign and, unlike intracardiac tumors and abscesses, has a favorable prognosis. The authors present the case of an 84-year-old woman with a suspicious large, echodense mass at the level of the posterior mitral leaflet with associated severe mitral regurgitation. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a hypoperfused mass with strong peripheral enhancement 10 minutes after gadolinium administration. Multislice computed tomography showed the calcified nature of the mass. A multi-modality imaging approach confirmed the diagnosis of caseous calcification of the posterior mitral annulus. The patient refused surgical treatment.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:HB - CAR - Artigos

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