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Title: Study of disease-relevant polymorphisms in the TLR4 and TLR9 genes: a novel method applied to the analysis of the Portuguese population
Author: Carvalho, A
Marques, A
Maciel, P
Rodrigues, F
Keywords: Polimorfismo Genético
Reacção em Cadeia da Polimerase
Receptor “Toll-like” 4
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Mol Cell Probes. 2007;21(4):316-20.
Abstract: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are cellular receptors that mediate recognition of microbial challenges and the subsequent inflammatory response. Genetic variations within these inflammation-associated genes may alter host-pathogen defence mechanisms affecting susceptibility towards infectious diseases. Taking into account the significance of these genes, we developed a simple and rapid method based in the bi-directional PCR amplification of specific alleles (Bi-PASA) for genotyping known sequence variants in TLR4 (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) and TLR9 (T-1237C) genes. This method allows genotype determination in a single reaction and is amenable to large-scale analysis. We used Bi-PASA to characterize the distribution of these polymorphisms in the Portuguese population. A total of 388 randomly selected blood donors of Portuguese origin (203 females and 185 males) were genotyped and allele frequencies were determined. Among the tested individuals, 11.1% and 10.8% were heterozygous for Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile, respectively. In what concerns the T-1237C variation in TLR9, the variant allele was present in 19.4% of the individuals tested. Besides confirming the usefulness of the Bi-PASA in polymorphism analysis, the data presented provide valuable information on TLR polymorphisms in the Portuguese population that can be used to stratify risk patients with increased susceptibility to infection.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:HB - IH - Artigos

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